Question: What Are Parenteral Routes Of Administration?

What are the four routes of parenteral administration?

Needle insertion angles for 4 types of parenteral administration of medication: intramuscular, subcutaneous, intravenous, and intradermal injection..

What are the 10 routes of drug administration?

Oral route. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets. … Injection routes. Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes: … Sublingual and buccal routes. … Rectal route. … Vaginal route. … Ocular route. … Otic route. … Nasal route.More items…

What does buccal administration mean?

Buccal administration involves placing a drug between your gums and cheek, where it also dissolves and is absorbed into your blood. Both sublingual and buccal drugs come in tablets, films, or sprays.

Which one of the following is not a route of administration?

Explanation: Dissolution is actually not the route of administration ,however, it can occur as the part of the drug delivery through a particular route. Dissolution is not the route of administration.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of using the parenteral route of administration?

Absorption is more rapid than following subcutaneous injection (soluble preparations are absorbed within 10-30 min). Disadvantages are that the route is not acceptable for self-administration, it may be painful, and if any adverse effects occur to a depot formulation, it cannot be removed.

What are the 8 routes of drug administration?

Oral route. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets. … Injection routes. Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes: … Sublingual and buccal routes. … Rectal route. … Vaginal route. … Ocular route. … Otic route. … Nasal route.More items…

What are the five routes of administration?

There are five distinct methods for taking a medicine or drug. These methods are: (1) topical administration, (2) inhalation, (3) oral administration, (4) injection, and (5) rectal administration. Topical administration refers to drug that is applied on a surface, such as the skin.

What is the slowest route of medication administration?

Subcutaneous (SC) The absoroption of subcutaneous injections is slower than that of IV route and it needs absorption similar to Intramuscular injection. However it minimizes the risks associated with IV injections.

Is parenteral the same as IV?

As adjectives the difference between intravenous and parenteral. is that intravenous is inside the veins while parenteral is (medicine) administered by some means other than oral intake, particularly intravenously or by injection.

What is parenteral treatment?

A medicine or solution administered via a route other than ingestion.

What is the form of medication needed for parenteral route of administration?

Parenteral medications enter the body by injection through the tissue and circulatory system. Injection medications are absorbed more quickly and are used with patients who are nauseated, vomiting, restricted from taking oral fluids, or unable to swallow.

What are examples of parenteral administration?

There are five commonly used routes of parenteral (route other than digestive tract) administration: subcutaneous (SC/SQ), intraperitoneal (IP), intravenous (IV), intrader- mal (ID), and intramuscular (IM).

What are the 4 basic rules for medication administration?

The “rights” of medication administration include right patient, right drug, right time, right route, and right dose. These rights are critical for nurses.

Which is faster IV or IM?

IV injections take effect the fastest, and the effects also dissipate the fastest. IM injections take effect the next fastest, and SQ injections take the longest to take effect. All 3 routes are used extensively in veterinary medicine. … IV IS ALWAYS THE FASTEST ROUTE THE NEXT QUICKEST IS RECTAL!

Which route of drug administration has 100 bioavailability?

intravenous routeDrugs given by intravenous route have 100% bioavailability.

What does parenteral administration refer to?

Parenteral drug administration means any non-oral means of administration, but is generally interpreted as relating to injecting directly into the body, bypassing the skin and mucous membranes.

What are the local routes of drug administration?

The local route is the simplest mode of administration of a drug at the site where the desired action is required….The main routes of drug administration include:Oral route.Sublingual/ Buccal route.Rectal route.Topical route.Transdermal route.Inhalational route/ pulmonary route.Injection route.

What is difference between enteral and parenteral routes of administration?

Enteral administration is food or drug administration via the human gastrointestinal tract. … Methods of administration include oral, sublingual (dissolving the drug under the tongue), and rectal. Parenteral administration is via a peripheral or central vein.

What is the most common route of administration?

Oral administrationOral administration This is the most frequently used route of drug administration and is the most convenient and economic. Solid dose forms such as tablets and capsules have a high degree of drug stability and provide accurate dosage.